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Twice a year, monarch butterflies make their way through Texas as they make the trek to breeding grounds in the north and then back south to Mexico for the winter. Along their journey, the monarch butterfly depends on the milkweed plant to lay eggs. When those eggs hatch, milkweed is the only plant monarch caterpillars eat. Over the years, human-caused changes have decimated the milkweed plant which has contributed to a precipitous decline in the monarch butterfly population.
Sound artist Erik DeLuca became aware of the monarch’s plight while he was a resident artist at 100 West, the Corsicana Artist & Writer Residency program in Corsicana. While staying there, DeLuca came up with the social and environmental sculpture, The Staff of Asclepias – a series of way stations for the monarch butterfly.
The title of the exhibition is drawn from Asclepias, the Greek god of medicine and health. He is often depicted holding a serpent entwined staff. The milkweed plant also gets its scientific name from him.
Video courtesy of Corsicana Artist & Writer Residency.
It’s a social sculpture because so many people were involved to make the project happen. Collaborators on the project include SMU’s Pollock Gallery; Sweet Pass Sculpture Park in West Dallas; Corsicana Artist & Writer Residency; and publishing initiative RISO BAR. Sofia Bastidas with SMU’s Pollock Gallery is one of the curators of the exhibition.
“There were a lot of people that participated in this endeavor, to make it possible,” said Bastidas. “And because it is a recreating and rethinking the possibilities of a sculpture just as a prop that you put in a place. Rather, you are creating a greater understanding around the monarch butterfly and its migratory pattern.”
The Staff of Asclepias was produced in several locations. Two iterations of the project can be viewed by the public while observing social distancing either by driving by or by appointment.
The Anteroom is the storefront gallery across from 100 West in Corsicana. Through the glass window, you can see a sample table with the milkweed plants and the magenta growing lights DeLuca used to grow 1,000 milkweed plants.
In West Dallas at Sweet Pass Sculpture Park, you can see a cluster of milkweed plants accompanied by a light and sound sculpture that activates during sunrise and sunset. The light, or staff, runs north to south so it illuminates the migratory path of the monarch.
The sound visitors hear is a rendition of the song “Sunrise, Sunset” from Fiddler on the Roof. It can also be heard playing at the Anteroom at dawn and dusk.
DeLuca sees a lot of symbolism between the resiliency of the Jewish people who have migrated throughout the world and the migration and resiliency of the monarch.
Got a tip? Email Gila Espinoza at [email protected]. You can follow her on Twitter @espinoza_kera.
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